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Industry
 
 
 
Industry History

Modern industry in Yangpu District sprouted in the 1880s. With the approval by Li Hongzhang in the 8th year of Guangxi of the Qing Dynasty (1882), Shanghai Printing Factory was established under the government supervision and with the merchant investment. Yangshupu Waterworks, the first modern water plant in China, was set up by British merchants along the Huangpu River in 1883. The government-run Shanghai Weaving Factory, the first mechanized weaving plant in China, went into operation in 1890.

As described in Situations of Shanghai Laborers, an article published in Chen Duxiu’s monthly journal New Youth in early 1920s, “Factories, weaving plants in particular, are in a booming period in Shanghai that an industrialized society is taking shape in Yangshupu. Poor people are thus able to make a better living.” In 1927, there were 57 foreign invested factories and 301 national ones, of which textile industry stood out as the most outstanding, boasting 45.4% of all the spindles in Shanghai. In 1949, Yangpu District was known in Shanghai and even nationwide for its tens of hundreds of companies and around 100,000 employees. Its total industrial output volume was RMB720 million, amounting to 5% of that of the nation and 20% of that of Shanghai.

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