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Sci-tech Innovation
 
 
 
Yangpu Takes Three Steps to Construct Important B...
On the 11th Session of the 9th Yangpu District Party Committee, CPC, Shanghai, an “Opinions on Accelerating the Construction for Important Bearing Area for Science and Technology Innovation Center with Global Influence” (hereinafter referred to as “Opinions for Implementation”) was promulgated. By 2030, the “Yangpu Plan” for constructing Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Center would be in shape. Yangpu District determines to take three years: 2016, 2020 and 2030 as boundaries, and take three steps for achieving this goal.


In 2003, Yangpu District determined to construct a “knowledge-based Yangpu”. In 2010, Yangpu District was listed as a national innovation-oriented pilot urban area of China. In this year, Yangpu District is positioned as an important bearing area for Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Center and a demonstration district for popular innovation, and has achieved a “leap-forward on three steps” in terms of innovation and development. A new round of technological and industrial revolution is emerging in the world. To Yangpu District, how to voluntarily connect to global competition on technology and new trend of social and economic development? How to find out precise position in the construction process of Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Center, give full play to advantages, make contributions and enhance influence? Detailed answers could be found in “Opinions for Implementation”.


Take three steps to achieve goals


From the four quarters in the past year to May 2015, Yangpu District takes “Voluntarily connect to the construction for Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Center and strive for becoming a bearing area for Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Center” as the No.1 subject of the District Party Committee. The government examined resources for science and technology innovation in the district, considered the comparative advantages of the district and made researches on breakthrough points for science and technology innovation, hoping to enter the overall layout of Shanghai Municipal Government on constructing Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Center. In summary, the main task of research lies in the word, “strive for”.


On May 25, Shanghai Municipal Government promulgated “Opinions on Accelerating the Construction for Science and Technology Innovation Center with Global Influence”. Yangpu District, as one of the six functional districts that this document particularly mentioned, obtained a positioning as an important bearing area for Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Center and a demonstration district for popular innovation. Two months later, Yangpu District disclosed a “Yangpu Plan” for constructing Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Center.


In this document, it has stated that to construct an important bearing area for a science and technology innovation center with global influence, Yangpu District must have global vision, meet international advanced standards, take a lead in Shanghai and China in terms of innovation and entrepreneurship, enhance international influence and competitiveness, and become an important district for innovation and entrepreneurship in China and the world. Yangpu District will take three steps to achieve these goals.


The first step: By the end of 2016, complete the fundamental layout of important bearing area of Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Center in over one year surrounding by the model area of popular innovation, original area of knowledge and technology and cluster area of technology transfer.


The second step: Complete construction for the framework of important bearing area of Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Center by 2020. Build an urban area of innovation and entrepreneurship with concentrated elements of innovation, complete platform of innovation, clustering of innovation-oriented talents and enterprises, dynamic culture of innovation, good innovation guidance capability, convenient innovation service, good atmosphere of innovation and important influence in China;


The third step: In 2030, fully reveal the core functions of important bearing area of Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Center, and take a lead in China and the world in constructing a model district of popular innovation with high concentration of innovative talents, science and technology elements and hi-tech enterprises, abundant achievements on innovation and creativity, and complete infrastructure for scientific innovation and service system.


As for focusing on popular innovation and undertaking construction for science and technology innovation center, Yangpu District has several trump cards.


First, Yangpu District has abundant resources for innovation. There are 10 universities in Yangpu District. 20% of undergraduate students and 30% of postgraduate students in Shanghai study in Yangpu District. There are 57 academicians of Chinese Academy of Sciences in Yangpu District. One-third of them are working in Yangpu District. Yangpu District has 135 talents under the “One Thousand Talent Plan” of the Central Government, and 62 talents under the “One Thousand Talent Plan” of Shanghai Municipal Government, accounting for 21.5% and 14% respectively of the total number in Shanghai. Yangpu District has 229 high-end talents returned from overseas countries. 71.2% of them have doctoral degrees. There are 115 R&D platforms, key labs, engineering centers and enterprise technological centers, and 33 state-level and municipal-level key labs in Yangpu District.


Second, Yangpu District has several innovation projects. Researches on more than 70 key science projects and advanced technologies are carrying out in universities, research institutes and enterprises in Yangpu District. Yangpu District has 28 public experiment and testing platforms and has grasped 31 key research findings transfer projects. 10 projects have entered the stage of manufacturing.


Third, Yangpu District continues to make breakthrough on innovation. So far, Yangpu District has established 20 hi-tech parks with universities, research institutes and enterprises. 7 of them are state-level hi-tech parks, accounting for 54% among the total number in Shanghai.


Fourth, Yangpu District has good environment of innovation service. So far, Yangpu District has made a service chain for enterprises with the structure of “before entrepreneurship-entrepreneurship nursery-incubator-accelerator”.


Despite the above advantages, after making careful investigations, Yangpu District government still concluded that there is a long way to go for constructing a science and technology innovation center. Yangpu District still has many problems, such as insufficient support to innovation carriers, incomplete innovation service system and not so good environment for innovation. More importantly, the district needs to make improvement on government administration, talent introduction, innovation stimulation, and system of university-industry-institute alliance and coordinated innovation.


Officials of Yangpu District Government said that to accelerate the construction for a science and technology innovation center, it is important to highlight the core functions of innovation and entrepreneurship, make a breakthrough in bottleneck of system and mechanism, implement talent policies, establish carriers for innovation and entrepreneurship, release the dynamics of innovation and entrepreneurship resources and promote effective allocation of resources and elements for innovation and entrepreneurship.


To achieve these goals, Yangpu District has made three strategies: strategy for constructing model district of popular innovation, strategy for constructing highland of knowledge and technology, and strategy for constructing highland of technology transfer.


The relation between “bearing and demonstration” is not a relation of replacement or parallel, but a relation of including. The demonstration district is the important connotation and key of the bearing area. To be a model district for popular innovation, Yangpu District must make preparation in advance and take a lead in Shanghai and China, and become a representative district of innovation and entrepreneurship in the world. While constructing a science and technology innovation center, different from the “overall innovation” strategy of Yangpu District for constructing an innovation-oriented pilot urban area, Yangpu District should focus on popular innovation and stimulate the transformation and upgrading of the district.


In the future, the urban planning and layout of development space in Yangpu District should also keep in line with the requirements of innovation and entrepreneurship. Yangpu District will make great efforts to develop service agencies for makers and new incubators operated by semi-official institutions, and establish more streets and communities for innovation and entrepreneurship.


Attract makers to start up business and construct highland for incubation


Business starters often encounter an embarrassing situation like this: When they were discussing their business plans in a restaurant, a waiter walked towards them, with a smile on her face, saying, “I’m sorry, we’ll end our business today.” After 10:00 p.m., it is not easy to find a quite place for discussing business plan.


But situation is different in IPO Club on Daxue Road, Yangpu District. This is a café on business 24 hours a day!


There is always someone staying in the café as long as the customers have not left. 50 to 60 salons will be organized in the café every month, such as “salon for entrepreneurship instructors”, “instructions for new business starters” and “salon for various sectors”. An “Angel’s Afternoon Tea” will be held in the café every Thursday. 3 investors would have interviews with 30 to 40 new business starter teams. The interviews often lasted until midnight.


Now Daxue Road is an area full of atmosphere for entrepreneurship in Yangpu District. You can see so many bookstores, restaurants, coffee shops, students, makers and investors here. In environment full of openness and freedom, you would feel people’s great passion for innovation and entrepreneurship. 


But to be a bearing area for science and technology innovation center, it is not enough to have a Daxue Road only. The ecology for entrepreneurship on Daxue Road has not yet met the standard of “an entrepreneurship street”. Yangpu District needs to explore more spaces for popular innovation, promote upgrading of entrepreneurship bases on different levels and nurture market-oriented, professional, integrated and network-oriented space for popular innovation and entrepreneurship.


There are abundant resources of old factory buildings and historical old communities in Yangpu District. These resources are potential space for popular innovation. Yangpu District could use these resources and build convenient, diversified and open spaces for popular innovation with lost cost and full elements. Focus on constructing streets and communities of innovation and entrepreneurship, e.g. Knowledge & Innovation Community in Wujiaochang, East Guoding Road and Changyang Road, and attract makers to settle in these areas and exchange creative ideas with each other. Among all lands for industry and warehouse purposes, about 400,000 square meters of old factory buildings could be reused. In this year, Yangpu District has constructed a popular innovation space covering 50,000 square meters with Tencent by renovating old factory buildings.


Yangpu District also plans to invite maker organizations and leading makers with great influence at home and abroad to settle in, and nurture the most dynamic “group for makers” and the most influential maker’s alliance in Shanghai and China.


“Street for innovation” nurtures creative ideas. But if someone wants to create business values for a creative idea, he needs to rely on the transmission of innovation ecological chain. The most important section on this chain is incubation.


There are more than 600 incubators in Shanghai. Nearly one-fourth of these incubators, 140, are located in Yangpu District. Yangpu Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Center, an “old” incubator founded in 1997, has three functions of incubation: nursery, incubator and accelerator. Yangpu District also has other newly-recognized “spaces of popular innovation”, e.g. Ants Makers, Innospace, Dreamland and One Point Café. They consist of a complete chain for entrepreneurship and incubation with the structure of “before entrepreneurship-entrepreneurship nursery-incubator-accelerator”. It is an important accelerator for Yangpu District to innovate resource advantages and achieve innovative and rapid development.


The incubator’s ability for serving newly-start enterprises waits to be further enhanced. To entrepreneurship projects at early stage, apart from capital, they need other services related to entrepreneurship, e.g. human resource, enterprise framework construction, accounting service and marketing. However, many incubators are still at the stage of providing property management service, administration, service for listing and initial financing and investment service to business starters. They need to enhance the level of service.


Yangpu District tries to be a “highland for incubation”. The district government makes reference from Israel and Silicon Valley in U.S., expands the space for incubator, standardizes incubation process, makes comprehensive incubation functions and efficient incubation results, and enhances the incubator’s ability to get innovative resources from the world. In the future, Yangpu District plans to attract ten best incubators of China and hi-tech incubators with global influence to settle in Yangpu District, and nurture industrial incubators based on its advantages in the manufacturing sector. Cooperate with leading transnational enterprises and establish new incubators based on new sectors based on new technologies, new business scopes based on new business patterns, and new industries based on cross-boundary integration. Yangpu district hopes to find out points for “four new” economic growth within these incubators and establish highlands for developing new industries.


Map of Yangpu District for innovation and entrepreneurship


To be a model district for popular innovation, Yangpu District must make preparation in advance and take a lead in Shanghai and China, and become a representative district of innovation and entrepreneurship in the world. While constructing a science and technology innovation center, different from the “overall innovation” strategy of Yangpu District for constructing an innovation-oriented pilot urban area, Yangpu District should focus on popular innovation and stimulate the transformation and upgrading of the district.


In the future, the urban planning and layout of development space in Yangpu District should also keep in line with the requirements of innovation and entrepreneurship. Yangpu District will make great efforts to develop service agencies for makers and new incubators operated by semi-official institutions, and establish more streets and communities for innovation and entrepreneurship.


Yangpu District has made the following goals for constructing an important bearing area for science and technology innovation center with global influence:


Have global vision, keep in line with advanced international standards, take a lead in Shanghai and China in terms of innovation and entrepreneurship, enhance influence and competitiveness in the world, and become one of the most important districts in the world in terms of innovation and entrepreneurship.


Yangpu District will take three steps to construct an important bearing area for Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Center:


First, complete the basic layout for an important bearing area for Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Center by the end of 2016.
Second, establish a framework for an important bearing area for Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Center and complete construction for an innovation and entrepreneurship district with great influence in China before 2020.
Third, construct a model district for popular innovation by 2030, and take a lead on this aspect in China and in the world.


Determine two major layouts and highlight the features of Yangpu District


As soon as Yangpu District proposed the concept of science and technology innovation center, the district government has regarded it as a rare opportunity for development. Now Yangpu District is in a period for profound transformation. Dynamics for economic growth, positioning for urban area functions, space layout and framework and comprehensive supporting facilities becomes clearer than before. The district government will promulgate an “Opinions for Implementation” soon. It has determined the direction of future development for the district and will highlight the features of Yangpu District further.


According to the “Opinions for Implementation”, the space layout for innovation and entrepreneurship should be optimized and clearer layout for industrial development should be made. In these two layouts, the fundamental structure of an important bearing area for Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Center will appear.


Optimize the space and layout for innovation and entrepreneurship


Specify the space layout of “a core area in the West, an area for enhancement in the central area and a strategic area in the East”, adhere to the principle of joint action between South and North and interaction between East and West, effectively integrate spatial resources, release the effects of functional joint action and integration, stimulate the integration of scientific innovation and urban update, and enhance the urban space layout focusing on innovation and entrepreneurship.


Focus on the core area in the West: The core area in the West is composed of four blocks: New Jiangwan City, Wujiaochang Knowledge & Innovation Community, surrounding-Tongji University knowledge and economic circle and the cluster zone of head office R&D on Dalian Road. Wujiaochang Knowledge & Innovation Community serves as the core for innovation. Focus on the construction for an innovation corridor in Fudan University. Build up a clustering corridor for innovation economy by joining hands with New Jiangwan City, surrounding-Tongji University knowledge and economic circle and the cluster zone of head office R&D on Dalian Road.


Build up an area for enhancement in the central area: This area refers to region in the central part of Yangpu District with residential functions. This area should give full play to its existing advantages, e.g. location, land, market and cost, make full use of the resources in old factory buildings and old historical communities, voluntarily undertake the functional overflowing and radiation effects of core areas, and build up an open-style street system.


Promote construction for a strategic area in the East: Located in the riverside development zone alongside the Huangpu River, this area is home to several universities, research institutes and large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises. Many old factory buildings could be seen here. The southern part of the riverside development zone will be built into an entrance for innovation-oriented enterprises, platforms and incubators at home and abroad to settle in; the terminal part of the development zone alongside Huangpu River will be built into a special space for makers that is guided by new patterns and focuses on core business patterns; the northern part of the zone will respond to and connect to “Made in China 2025” and will be constructed into a clustering zone for modern advanced manufacturing sector and metropolitan industries.


Make clear layout for industrial development


Follow the layout of Shanghai Municipal Government on key strategies and the thoughts of transforming disciplinary talents into industrial advantages, focus on sharing, interaction, big data and artificial intelligence, fully infiltrate by using information technology, widely apply Internet, and make a system for developing new industries based on fully intelligence.


Extensively develop “Four New” economies focusing on “Internet +”


Implement “Internet +” action plan, promote the combination of mobile Internet, Internet of Things with other sectors, focus on cloud computing and big data sector, promote virtual and real interaction, online and offline integration, trans-boundary combination of technology and sectors, realize individualization of products, intelligence of manufacturing, diversification of organizations and clouding of resources, and continue to create new business patterns.


Develop knowledge-based modern service sector and further expand the clustering of engineering design sector represented by surrounding - Tongji University Knowledge and Economic Circle; take the opportunity of the settlement of China Industrial Design Research Institute in Yangpu District, and expand the scope of industrial design and fashion design; make researches on technology transfer, testing and certification, and developing professional comprehensive technological service sectors, e.g. entrepreneurship incubation; develop health sectors; encourage the development of marine food and medicine sector and marine manufacturing sector.


Stimulate the development of intelligent manufacturing sector into a certain degree, implement the “China Manufacturing 2025” action plan, make great efforts to develop robot, intelligent equipment and sensory technology, focus on developing individualized manufacturing, flexible manufacturing, smart manufacturing and precision manufacturing, and stimulate conventional manufacturing sector to transform into high-end manufacturing; make great efforts to develop information service sector, e.g. imbedded system and industrial software; take the opportunity of the settlement of Beidou positioning network in Yangpu District and develop the sector of Beidou positioning; make great efforts to develop new materials energy, energy-saving and green sectors.

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